Technology Knowledge

As a teacher, you want to have technological knowledge, knowing what technologies are and how you can best use them for specific tasks. Information technologies are technologies that provide you opportunities to obtain, store, manipulate, and represent information in multiple ways. Information technology includes computers, software, networks, intranets, Web sites, servers, databases, and telecommunications. Throughout this course, you will explore many information technologies and their functions that you will be able to easily integrate into your teaching, content area, and your personal learning.

As you gain a deeper understanding of information technologies think about ways you can best use it to enhance your teaching and learning. In today’s classroom, you must be knowledgeable about more than your content area, you must also be knowledgeable of technologies that can best be integrated into your content area and teaching to engage students into the process of learning.


  • Identify appropriate technical knowledge so that good decisions can be made in the use of technologies in instruction.
  • Identify the appropriate use of hardware components and software.
To get started in building technology knowledge review the following resources.
Questions to Consider
  • What is the difference between hardware and software?
  • My screen has just turned blue, now what?
  • What are some simple trouble shooting tips that I should keep in mind?
  • What is a file? How do I save a file? Where is my file?

Hardware and Software Basics

Questions to Consider

  • What are functions of software or hardware tools?
  • How can I identify functions of technology to help design lessons and activities?

Technology Functions

Technology provides us with a variety of capabilities that can help us improve our practice. Review Chapter IV: Support for Teacher Functions for an outline of four functions.

Each software tool also provides specific functions or tasks. For example, a function of a digital camera this includes the camera on your cell phone is to take a picture. This technology opens many doors for you and your students in the classroom. You can now easily take a picture and share the picture in a document or display it at the front of the class. You can also have your students take a picture and showcase it in a project or a discussion. Here are a few more possibilities this technology?

Word processors such as Pages, MSOffice, or OpenOffice provide many functions to users that make creating a document easier. You can easily make corrections, save, save different versions, spell check, import data such as images or a spreadsheet, and even have multiple authors editing a document using tracking.