Technology Integration Models

Few teachers utilize technology tools in their classrooms as an active learning tool providing opportunities for them to solve problems, analyze data, do research on Internet, or present information graphically (U.S. Department of Education, 2003).

Educational research demonstrates that the integration of technology into instruction can play an important role in student learning (Russell, Lucas, & McRobbie, 2003). Studies have shown a significant increase in achievement scores of students using technology as a learning tool (Lei & Zhao, 2007; Dani & Koenig, 2008; Schroeder, Scott, Tolson, Huang, & Lee, 2007; Songer, 2007).

A model of technology integration provides scaffolding to help you with your technology integration into instruction. It is a framework that you can use to design, develop, and integrate digital learning experiences that utilize technology to transform learning and assessment experiences.
In our class, you will focus on two technology integration models to help you design and develop lessons and activities using technology tools.


Dani, D., & Koenig, K. (2008). Technology and reform-based education. Theory into Practice, 47(3), 204-211.

Lei, J., & Zhao, Y. (2007). Technology uses and student achievement: A longitudinal study. Computers and Education, 49, 284-296.

Russell, D. W., Lucas, K. B., & McRobbie, C. J. (2003). The role of the microcomputer-based laboratory display in supporting the construction of new understandings in kinematics. Research in Science Education, 33(2), 217-243.

Schroeder , C., Scott, T., Tolson , H., Huang , T., & Lee, Y. (2007). A meta-analysis of national research: Effects of teaching strategies on student achievement in science in the United States. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,44(10), 1436-1460.

Songer, N. B. (2007). Digital resources versus cognitive tools: A discussion of learning science with technology. In S. K. Abell & N. G. Lederman (Eds.), Handbook of research on science education (pp. 471-493). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

U.S. Department of Education. (2003) Federal funding for educational technology and how it is used in the classroom: A summary of findings from the integrated studies of educational technology. Retrieved from